About Afghanistan

 


afghanistan

  • Full name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • Population: 29.1 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital and largest city: Kabul
  • Area: 652,225 sq km (251,773 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Dari, Pashto
  • Major religion: Islam (app 80% sunni, 19% shia, 1% other)
  • Life expectancy: 45 years (men), 45 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Afghani = 100 puls
  • Main exports: Fruit and nuts, carpets, wool, opium
  • GNI per capita: US $370 (World Bank, 2009)
  • Internet domain: .af
  • International dialling code: +93
  • Administrative divisions, 34 provinces; Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Daykundi, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghor, Helmand, Herat, Jowzjan, Kabul, Kandahar, Kapisa, Khost, Kunar, Kunduz, Laghman, Logar, Nangarhar, Nimruz, Nurestan, Oruzgan, Paktia, Paktika, Panjshir, Parvan, Samangan, Sarepull, Takhar, Wardak, Zabol

    Geography of Afghanistan
    Location: Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran
    Area: total: 647,500 sq km
    Border: countries: China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, Tajikistan 1,206 km, Turkmenistan 744 km, Uzbekistan 137 km
    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
    Climate: arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
    Terrain: mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest